Website Monitoring – The Basics

Website monitoring is a system of testing whether the websites used in an organization are efficient and perform the work for which they were designed. The monitoring is done to see whether the internet efficiency is good from all parts of the world. Websites are mostly used by a large number of people who come from different parts of the world; this means that the website designers have to ensure that the website can be accessed by anyone who needs to use it. There are different types of website monitoring, the first being the internal monitoring system which is a traditional means of website monitoring mostly deals with the internal firewall monitoring while the external monitoring system deals with issues across the internet backbone and in most cases to the end user. The user must also provide information on whether the system he or she is using is effective or not. The efficiency of a website will depend on the strength of internet in the region, the servers used and the manner in which the website is design. Websites should be designed so that they can allow interaction between the owners of the website and the user so that they can be able to get the best feedback to use in improving the website efficiency and use.

There are various types of website monitoring. One can use the synthetic monitoring which is also referred to as active monitoring or one can apply the passive monitoring also called the active monitoring system. Servers have to be placed around the world to enable effective monitoring take place. Some people always suggest that the more the number servers used in the monitoring process, the better the quality of pictures and the level of interaction on the websites. Other people believe that three servers which are strategically placed can be as efficient as the many servers and that the monitoring of websites can still be effective and pictures are of high quality. Websites are a great source of information both internal uses by the website owners or by other people who might be doing research and for this reason monitoring has to be

Calculating Uptime

A short guide on how to monitor your system’s uptime…
It’s essential that you keep an eye on your system’s uptime. Yes, it is partly your host’s job. You also have to take control of it too. There are things you see on your end, things your host provider is not aware of.

If you take the time to monitor your uptime, your clients will thank you in a big way. The longer your system stays down, the more issues this will cause for the clients you have. The more issues they have, the less likely they will be to use you in the future.

So let’s get started.

There are a few tools you need to be aware of.

There is the PING monitoring system. This tool basically ensures that your site is up and running.It’s like a giant ping-pong ball. You serve the ball to the wall. If it hits the wall and comes back to you, this means the system is good. If it doesn’t come back, this means that something is wrong. Now some of you might be happy with this basic coverage. It’s up to you and the type of site you have.

Some of you might want something more we have a few other choices.

There is the HTTP Monitoring system. This works alongside of servers and other hosts. This one will look to online traffic and other data being sent. If something is not connected it will be sent back.

Many people use this one. The people who use this tool feel it’s more comprehensive.

There is the TCP Port Monitoring system. This stands for Transmission Control Protocol. This one kind of works like the above one. If there is a disturbance in the transmission a signal will be sent.

There is also the DNS Monitoring system. This monitors IP addresses, things like that.

So which one is better?

It all depends on which one you prefer to use. Each person is different. The best thing you can do is go online and get detailed information on each of these systems. Figure out which one works for you.

The important thing to remember is the uptime is very important. If you do not have a good grip on this, you and your business will suffer. There are a variety of tools that you can use to monitor uptime and web performance such as UptimePal, and NewRelic. There are also a variety of free tools too…so you really just need to decide what’s right for you and test it out.

How to Minimize Server Downtime

Every website aims to be always up; you don’t want your users to leave negative comments about its reliability. The website needs to be monitored to ensure that the end-users can interact with the site as expected. Website uptime, performance, and functionality are what businesses try to achieve always.

Websites are hosted on servers hence its uptime goes hand in hand with the server uptime. Website downtime may be because of intrusion, traffic overload and software failure. Server downtime happens when the server that hosts the site goes down due to:

  • Hardware & power failures.
  • Operating system performance.
  • Application configuration and stability.
  • Network congestion and isolation.
  • Data availability, corruption and access.

In the case of a website going down the administrator should find the error within the site. As for a server going down the problem affecting the server needs to be fixed because all instance of server downtime will result in website downtime. Server downtime can never be eradicated you can only minimize it using the following tips:

Have a range of uninterrupted power solutions from small to enormous. For a small number of components, you can use compact UPS and large UPS for small data centers. Use backup generators for many loads and durations. You also need a range of cooling options for varying loads to make sure the servers are well air-conditioned.

Protect your network by having redundant hardware and network routes, to eliminate fail-overs caused by a failure of one server or network component.

The hardware is the most critical layer and should be the least likely to fail. The server components should be redundant for physical host and all failed components replaced. Server virtualizationalso helps reduce the immediate impact of hardware failures. The hardware and the environment should also be clean. There should be scheduled regular back-ups so as to restore data on new or repaired hardware as soon as possible.

Protection of data should the most critical thing. Having built in application-specific data movers enables data mirroring, log shipping and availability groups. Host-based replication software comes in handy tracking real-time change at file-system.

Always ensure the operating system on the servers does regular updates to their software. This ensures the smooth running of the server and patches any security holes for intrusion. The OS should always be upgraded (there are a lot of sites online where you can read helpful hints about how to do this.

The servers should have antivirus software that monitor for viruses and isolate infected client computers, destroy any trace of the virus and can restore the system.

The server should be prevented from getting crowded by removing old files and unused services. You should also allow only authorized personnel to the servers to prevent insecurity.

Having a server monitoring service that ensures notifications via email, phone and text message the moment the servers go down so you can get them back up and running as quickly as possible.